Courtesy by: expressbuzz.com
Doctors say blood obtained from a newborn’s umbilical cord can be used to treat many blood diseases.
“Stem cells extracted from this cord blood as well as cord tissues can be preserved for a long time and used to treat many diseases and cure patients,” said Dr Prem Anand Nagaraja, director of Narayana Hrudayalaya Tissue Bank and Stem Cell Research Centre.
Dr Sharat Damodar, consultant haematologist at Narayana Hrudayalaya, said in absence of a matched donor, stem cells could help cure dreaded heamatological diseases such as thalassemia major, Aplastic anemia, Fanconi’s anemia and 14 such conditions.
Four-year-old Mayur, diagnosed with Fanconi’s anemia, has no sibling (to donate bone marrow) and the marrow from both his parents does not match his HLA. He has to depend on regular blood transfusion to keep up his platelet count. But there is hope for him. His mother is eight-month pregnant and antenatal tests have shown his yet-to-be born sibling is free from Fanconi’s anemia. Mayur can get cured from the stem cells obtained from his younger sibling’s umbilical cord. “Cord blood obtained from the wasted placenta and umbilical cord at the time of childbirth is collected using sterile procedures,” said Dr Nagaraja.
The decision to use a child’s cord blood is made three months before the expected delivery date.
Cord blood is collected immediately after delivery and the window of opportunity to collect and store them is very small. The entire process has to be completed within five minutes of the delivery.